Increasing sleep duration over time may raise the risk for type 2 diabetes in middle-aged and older women, and doing this as an antidote to shorter sleep duration earlier in life may not ameliorate the adverse effects of the latter, a new study suggests.
According the results of a new systematic review and meta-analysis, an intensive blood-pressure reduction below currently recommended targets provides greater vascular protection, particularly for people at high risk for cardiovascular outcomes.
A Canadian study has found that many primary care physicians (PCPs) incorrectly estimate stroke or bleeding risk in patients with atrial fibrillation (AF). In the study, PCPs used guideline-recommended risk scores to evaluate stroke risk in only about half of their patients and used the guidelines to determine bleeding risks in just one quarter of […]
The US Preventive Services Task Force (USPSTF) has recommended screening for abnormal glucose as part of cardiovascular risk assessment in overweight or obese adults aged 40 to 70 years and referral of those identified with abnormal glucose to intensive behavioral interventions to promote a healthful diet and physical activity.
The incidence of metastatic prostate cancer fell by approximately 50% within 7 years of the start of widespread PSA use in 1990; however, rates of metastatic breast cancer remained remarkably stable following the initiation of widespread mammography screening in women from 1985 to the current day.
Analysis of the microbiome surrounding colon cancer tumors could be used as a noninvasive screening test that is more sensitive and specific than fecal occult blood testing, according to the results of a new study.
The US Preventive Services Task Force (USPSTF) advised in its final recommendation statement on smoking cessation in adults that clinicians should ask all adults about their tobacco use, advise them to quit if they do smoke, and provide evidence-based behavioral therapies and medications to help them quit.
Prompt antiviral treatment decreases the impact of influenza on older adults through shorten hospitalization and reduced extended care needs.
This is the first randomized trial finding an effect of a long-term dietary intervention on breast cancer incidence. Our results suggest a beneficial effect of a Mediterranean diet supplemented with extra-virgin olive oil in the primary prevention of breast cancer. These results come from a secondary analysis of a previous trial and are based on […]